As the robot has been enabled to perform the basic tasks, we now upgrade it with one more feature, namely, control the robot from your cellphone via Bluetooth. Also, you can add more cool lighting effects to your robot. Combined with our new APP, I believe you will love it so much. At the same time, we also have been optimized code for Bluetooth control, that will more convenient for you to use it.

Preparation

Note: You should at least have iOS 8.1 installed on your phone. Since optimized, you can easily enjoy the app on iPhone 5, iPhone 6 or iPhone 6 Plus. <br> Currently, we have only developed the APP for iOS, but it is not available for Android.

For iPhone users: please download GoBLE from the App Store. If the screen is shown as the photo below, Congratulations! You’ve got the right APP!

Upload the Testing Code

Please connect the Romeo BLE board to your computer by USB cable. The testing code named GoBLE_Test.ino can be found in the software package. It only enables you to check the signal from your iPhone on PC. DOWNLOAD IT & CHECK IT OUT.

Don’t forget to load GoBLE library before you download the testing code. Once downloaded, the “Done uploading” notice would pop up.

<br>

Bluetooth Test

If you have finished upload the testing code, now let’s start the Bluetooth linking in order to connect your robot to iPhone. Firstly, remember to turn on the mobile Bluetooth, and then open the GoBLE app. Now, your screen maybe look like this! GobleScreen2.png Click the Bluetooth search key(it looks like the red magnifying glass).Now, it will show you all the Bluetooth devices listed on the screen. Then, you only need to choose one of them that corresponds to the name of Romeo BLE board. Click the UUID and they will start linking. GobleScreen3.png

Once connected, the color of Bluetooth search key will change from red to green just as it is shown in the picture below. GobleScreen4.png At the same time, the LINK led on the board will turn on, that means your iPhone have been connected to the Romeo BLE controller.

Goble_board1.png

Now let’s test if the controller can successfully receive signal from your iPhone.

Goble_IDE2.png

Goble_IDE3.png

GobleScreen5.png Goble_IDE4.png
GobleScreen6.png Goble_IDE6.png

Upload the Code for Remote Control

If everything is ok, let’s continue and upload the code for remote controlling to Arduino board.

'''There is a very key point to keep in your mind! '''Your iPhone has already been connected to Romeo BLE Board in the last testing stage. However, you are unable to upload the code to Romeo BLE board when the Bluetooth has been established between the your phone and the board. Thus, you should be BREAK OFF the Bluetooth pairing first. In addition, you could upload the code again if the board has been disconnected from the phone. THIS POINT IS VERY IMPORTANT! You need to remember that.

Goble_IDE7.png

GobleScreen7.png Goble_board2.png

Code Synopsis

After playing the robot, let’s start learning how to use the code. No more words for the testing code for GoBLE_test. Then we just move ahead to the GoBLE_APP.

There’s no need to discuss the basic code – let’s just take a look at the part involving bluethooth control. If you want to remote control the robot, two librarys named Metro and GoBLE will be used.

#include "Metro.h" #include "GoBLE.h"<br> int joystickX, joystickY; int buttonState[7];<br>

joystickX, joystickY and buttonState[6], three variables, are defined for the GoBLE library. They are used to store the state value for the X-axis, Y-axis and those values of six buttons.

The map below shows the layout of all buttons. You may probably know the meanings of +X,-X,+Y, and –Y if you have analyzed the change of the state values. X & Y are the Joystick’s directions of movement.”+,-“ show the trends of the value. “+”means the state value is increasing. And “-”means the state value is decreasing.

GobleScreen8.png

Initial setting shall be written in the function of Setup().

Goble.begin();

This line is used for initiating the bluetooth setup. And it cannot be missed whenever you use the Bluetooth code on your board.

Serial.begin(115200);

In fact, this line has been used at the testing stage. It is used to initiating the serial port. If you want to read the value from the Serial Monitor, you must write this statement in the setup function. AND , also need to set the baud rate. Because the baud rate of Bluetooth is special, you need to set to 115200. Make sure the baud rate has been setup ,otherwise it may cause some problems.

'''Please continue down look . '''The next line is the function of Goble.available()

if(Goble.available()){ do something; }

Meaning that what the next action is once the figure has been received via Bluetooth.

What’s written within the brackets would be our next action. First, we need to analyze the figure received. The following two statement is to read the value on X and Y axis.

joystickX = Goble.readJoystickX(); joystickY = Goble.readJoystickY(); // Serial.print("joystickX: "); // Serial.print(joystickX); // Serial.print("joystickY: "); // Serial.println(joystickY);

Guess what the four statements Serial.print() above mean. It is related to the Serial. It’s for the serial to print the data received, which is convenient for code debug and optimization.

”//”means annotation of the following content. These four sentences won’t be included when compiling the code. Namely, no data will be sent to the serial once we use the annotate for these four statements.

'''Please refer to the Reference page of Arudino Website(www.arduino.cc) for further information.

buttonState[SWITCH_UP]     = Goble.readSwitchUp(); buttonState[SWITCH_DOWN]   = Goble.readSwitchDown(); buttonState[SWITCH_LEFT]   = Goble.readSwitchLeft(); buttonState[SWITCH_RIGHT]  = Goble.readSwitchRight(); buttonState[SWITCH_SELECT] = Goble.readSwitchSelect(); buttonState[SWITCH_START]  = Goble.readSwitchStart();

All contents above are used to load the information about the state of the buttons. Layout of the buttons is as follows.

GobleScreen8.png

We need to process all the data read before we starting using them. The value read on the Joystick shall be mapped to the rotational speed of the wheels of our robot. Thus, rotational speed of the wheels turns out to be between -255 and 255. 。

int SpeedX=2*joystickX-256; int SpeedY=2*joystickY-256;

Serial.print("Speed: "); Serial.print(SpeedX); Serial.print("  "); Serial.println(SpeedY);

Also the serial would print out the speed. If unnecessary, you may add ”//” at the beginning to remove it.

Now let’s control the robot and make it move.

If ( move the Joystick up or (||) down ){ Robot move forward or backwards; } If ( move the Joystick to right or (||) left){ Robot move to the right or to the left } If ( X-axis of the Joystick keep in the center  and (&&) Y-axis of the Joystick keep in the center ){ Robot stops; }

Correspondent codes are as follows:

if (SpeedX>200 || SpeedX<-200){ LeftWheelSpeed=SpeedX; RightWheelSpeed=SpeedX; Robot.Speed (LeftWheelSpeed,RightWheelSpeed); } else if (SpeedY>200 || SpeedY<-200){ LeftWheelSpeed=SpeedY-80; RightWheelSpeed=-SpeedY-80; Robot.Speed(LeftWheelSpeed,RightWheelSpeed); } else if (SpeedX==0 && SpeedY==0){ Robot.Speed(0,0); }

Pin 13 should be define at the beginning of the code.

int ledPin = 13;

The last code is used to control the LED on the board connected to the PIN13.

pinMode(ledPin,OUTPUT);

Set up output mode for LED by writing the function of setup(). Please refer to instruction for the function of pinMode() on the Arduino website(www.arduino.cc).

The following expressions show the state of the buttons. Once button No.1 has been pressed, LED would be on. Meaning that the LED pin is set to be HIGH.

if (buttonState[1] == PRESSED){ digitalWrite(ledPin,HIGH); }

Once button No.1 has been released, LED would be turn off. Meaning that the LED pin is set to be LOW.

if (buttonState[1] == RELEASED){ digitalWrite(ledPin,LOW); }

That’s all for coding today. Isn’t it FUN? SO, it’s not impossible to write code for you, right? You may try to change a button to control the LED light by modifying the code. It’s definitely more interesting when you can control it with your code. '''Now, START HAVING FUN with your robot!!! '''

Other Information

UUID Service

DF Robot BLE Details: Service

UUID: 0000dfb0-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb Characteristics

Name: Serial Port UUID: 0000dfb1-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb Name: Command UUID: 0000dfb2-0000-1000-8000-00805f9b34fb

Documents

GoBle APP

Libraries