Introduction

The Sharp Optical Dust Sensor (GP2Y1010AU0F) is especially effective in detecting very fine particles like cigarette smoke, and is commonly used in air purifier systems.

An infrared emitting diode and a phototransistor are diagonally arranged into this device, to allow it to detect the reflected light of dust in air.

The air sensor has a very low current consumption (20mA max, 11mA typical), and can be powered with up to 7VDC. The output of the sensor is an analog voltage proportional to the measured dust density, with a sensitivity of 0.5V/0.1mg/m3.

Specification

Diagram

Sensor Pin Arduino Pin
Vled 5V (150ohm resistor)
LED-GND GND
LED Digital pin 2
S-GND GND
Vo Analog pin 0
Vcc 5V

Aruduino Pin Map

Sample Code

/*
 Standalone Sketch to use with a Arduino UNO and a
 Sharp Optical Dust Sensor GP2Y1010AU0F
*/

int measurePin = 0; //Connect dust sensor to Arduino A0 pin
int ledPower = 2;   //Connect 3 led driver pins of dust sensor to Arduino D2

int samplingTime = 280;
int deltaTime = 40;
int sleepTime = 9680;

float voMeasured = 0;
float calcVoltage = 0;
float dustDensity = 0;

void setup(){
  Serial.begin(9600);
  pinMode(ledPower,OUTPUT);
}

void loop(){
  digitalWrite(ledPower,LOW); // power on the LED
  delayMicroseconds(samplingTime);

  voMeasured = analogRead(measurePin); // read the dust value

  delayMicroseconds(deltaTime);
  digitalWrite(ledPower,HIGH); // turn the LED off
  delayMicroseconds(sleepTime);

  // 0 - 5V mapped to 0 - 1023 integer values
  // recover voltage
  calcVoltage = voMeasured * (5.0 / 1024.0);

  // linear eqaution taken from http://www.howmuchsnow.com/arduino/airquality/
  // Chris Nafis (c) 2012
  dustDensity = 0.17 * calcVoltage - 0.1;

  Serial.print("Raw Signal Value (0-1023): ");
  Serial.print(voMeasured);

  Serial.print(" - Voltage: ");
  Serial.print(calcVoltage);

  Serial.print(" - Dust Density: ");
  Serial.println(dustDensity); // unit: mg/m3

  delay(1000);
}

Go shopping: Sharp GP2Y1010AU0F Compact optical Dust Sensor

Category: DFRobot > Sensors & Modules > Sensors >Air Sensors