Introduction

The DFPlayer Mini MP3 Player For Arduino is a small and low price MP3 module with an simplified output directly to the speaker. The module can be used as a stand alone module with attached battery, speaker and push buttons or used in combination with an Arduino UNO or any other with RX/TX capabilities.

Specification

Application

Pin Map

DFPlayer_Mini_Pin DFPlayer_Mini_Pin

Work Mode

1. Serial Mode

Support for asynchronous serial communication mode via PC serial sending commands Communication Standard:9600 bps Data bits :1 Checkout :none Flow Control :none

DFPlayer_Mini

DFPlayer_Mini

DFPlayer_Mini

2. AD KEY Mode

We use the AD module keys, instead of the traditional method of matrix keyboard connection, it is to take advantage of increasingly powerful MCU AD functionality, Our module default configuration 2 AD port, 20 key resistance distribution.

DFPlayer_Mini

3. I/O Mode

Here comes the most simple way to use this module.

DFPlayer_Mini note: short time press means pre/next,and long time press means vol- ,vol +

Connection Diagram

DFPlayer_Mini_Pin Note: For simple use ,the upper diagram is ready,But if you find the noise is quite loud, then you could attach an 1K resistor to the TX pin.

Copy your mp3 into you micro SD card

NOTE: The order you copy the mp3 into micro SD card will affect the order mp3 played , which means play(1) function will play the first mp3 copied into micro SD card.

For Mac User

NOTE: If you are using Mac OS X to copy the mp3, the file system will automatically add hidden files like: "._0001.mp3" for index, which this module will handle as valid mp3 files. It is really annoying. So you can run following command in terminal to eliminate those files.

Please replace the to the volume name of your SD card.

Sample Code

We've created an Arduino library for DFPlayer Mini to simplify the method for you to make it work. Connect the hardware as the picture above shown and play with the sample code. You can download the latest library here: DFRobotDFPlayerMini.

Sample code "GetStarted", switching to next song every 3 seconds

/***************************************************
DFPlayer - A Mini MP3 Player For Arduino
 <https://www.dfrobot.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=1121>

 ***************************************************
 This example shows the basic function of library for DFPlayer.

 Created 2016-12-07
 By [Angelo qiao](Angelo.qiao@dfrobot.com)

 GNU Lesser General Public License.
 See <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/> for details.
 All above must be included in any redistribution
 ****************************************************/

/***********Notice and Trouble shooting***************
 1.Connection and Diagram can be found here
 <https://www.dfrobot.com/wiki/index.php/DFPlayer_Mini_SKU:DFR0299#Connection_Diagram>
 2.This code is tested on Arduino Uno, Leonardo, Mega boards.
 ****************************************************/

#include "Arduino.h"
#include "SoftwareSerial.h"
#include "DFRobotDFPlayerMini.h"

SoftwareSerial mySoftwareSerial(10, 11); // RX, TX
DFRobotDFPlayerMini myDFPlayer;
void printDetail(uint8_t type, int value);

void setup()
{
  mySoftwareSerial.begin(9600);
  Serial.begin(115200);

  Serial.println();
  Serial.println(F("DFRobot DFPlayer Mini Demo"));
  Serial.println(F("Initializing DFPlayer ... (May take 3~5 seconds)"));

  if (!myDFPlayer.begin(mySoftwareSerial)) {  //Use softwareSerial to communicate with mp3.
    Serial.println(F("Unable to begin:"));
    Serial.println(F("1.Please recheck the connection!"));
    Serial.println(F("2.Please insert the SD card!"));
    while(true);
  }
  Serial.println(F("DFPlayer Mini online."));

  myDFPlayer.volume(10);  //Set volume value. From 0 to 30
  myDFPlayer.play(1);  //Play the first mp3
}

void loop()
{
  static unsigned long timer = millis();

  if (millis() - timer > 3000) {
    timer = millis();
    myDFPlayer.next();  //Play next mp3 every 3 second.
  }

  if (myDFPlayer.available()) {
    printDetail(myDFPlayer.readType(), myDFPlayer.read()); //Print the detail message from DFPlayer to handle different errors and states.
  }
}

void printDetail(uint8_t type, int value){
  switch (type) {
    case TimeOut:
      Serial.println(F("Time Out!"));
      break;
    case WrongStack:
      Serial.println(F("Stack Wrong!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerCardInserted:
      Serial.println(F("Card Inserted!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerCardRemoved:
      Serial.println(F("Card Removed!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerCardOnline:
      Serial.println(F("Card Online!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerPlayFinished:
      Serial.print(F("Number:"));
      Serial.print(value);
      Serial.println(F(" Play Finished!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerError:
      Serial.print(F("DFPlayerError:"));
      switch (value) {
        case Busy:
          Serial.println(F("Card not found"));
          break;
        case Sleeping:
          Serial.println(F("Sleeping"));
          break;
        case SerialWrongStack:
          Serial.println(F("Get Wrong Stack"));
          break;
        case CheckSumNotMatch:
          Serial.println(F("Check Sum Not Match"));
          break;
        case FileIndexOut:
          Serial.println(F("File Index Out of Bound"));
          break;
        case FileMismatch:
          Serial.println(F("Cannot Find File"));
          break;
        case Advertise:
          Serial.println(F("In Advertise"));
          break;
        default:
          break;
      }
      break;
    default:
      break;
  }
}

Sample code "FullFunction", including all the functions. Please read the comments and documents in detail

/***************************************************
 DFPlayer - A Mini MP3 Player For Arduino
 <https://www.dfrobot.com/index.php?route=product/product&product_id=1121>

 ***************************************************
 This example shows the all the function of library for DFPlayer.

 Created 2016-12-07
 By [Angelo qiao](Angelo.qiao@dfrobot.com)

 GNU Lesser General Public License.
 See <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/> for details.
 All above must be included in any redistribution
 ****************************************************/

/***********Notice and Trouble shooting***************
 1.Connection and Diagram can be found here
<https://www.dfrobot.com/wiki/index.php/DFPlayer_Mini_SKU:DFR0299#Connection_Diagram>
 2.This code is tested on Arduino Uno, Leonardo, Mega boards.
 ****************************************************/

#include "Arduino.h"
#include "SoftwareSerial.h"
#include "DFRobotDFPlayerMini.h"

SoftwareSerial mySoftwareSerial(10, 11); // RX, TX
DFRobotDFPlayerMini myDFPlayer;
void printDetail(uint8_t type, int value);

void setup()
{
  mySoftwareSerial.begin(9600);
  Serial.begin(115200);

  Serial.println();
  Serial.println(F("DFRobot DFPlayer Mini Demo"));
  Serial.println(F("Initializing DFPlayer ... (May take 3~5 seconds)"));

  if (!myDFPlayer.begin(mySoftwareSerial)) {  //Use softwareSerial to communicate with mp3.
    Serial.println(F("Unable to begin:"));
    Serial.println(F("1.Please recheck the connection!"));
    Serial.println(F("2.Please insert the SD card!"));
    while(true);
  }
  Serial.println(F("DFPlayer Mini online."));

  myDFPlayer.setTimeOut(500); //Set serial communictaion time out 500ms

  //----Set volume----
  myDFPlayer.volume(10);  //Set volume value (0~30).
  myDFPlayer.volumeUp(); //Volume Up
  myDFPlayer.volumeDown(); //Volume Down

  //----Set different EQ----
  myDFPlayer.EQ(DFPLAYER_EQ_NORMAL);
//  myDFPlayer.EQ(DFPLAYER_EQ_POP);
//  myDFPlayer.EQ(DFPLAYER_EQ_ROCK);
//  myDFPlayer.EQ(DFPLAYER_EQ_JAZZ);
//  myDFPlayer.EQ(DFPLAYER_EQ_CLASSIC);
//  myDFPlayer.EQ(DFPLAYER_EQ_BASS);

  //----Set device we use SD as default----
//  myDFPlayer.outputDevice(DFPLAYER_DEVICE_U_DISK);
  myDFPlayer.outputDevice(DFPLAYER_DEVICE_SD);
//  myDFPlayer.outputDevice(DFPLAYER_DEVICE_AUX);
//  myDFPlayer.outputDevice(DFPLAYER_DEVICE_SLEEP);
//  myDFPlayer.outputDevice(DFPLAYER_DEVICE_FLASH);

  //----Mp3 control----
//  myDFPlayer.sleep();     //sleep
//  myDFPlayer.reset();     //Reset the module
//  myDFPlayer.enableDAC();  //Enable On-chip DAC
//  myDFPlayer.disableDAC();  //Disable On-chip DAC
//  myDFPlayer.outputSetting(true, 15); //output setting, enable the output and set the gain to 15

  //----Mp3 play----
  myDFPlayer.next();  //Play next mp3
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.previous();  //Play previous mp3
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.play(1);  //Play the first mp3
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.loop(1);  //Loop the first mp3
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.pause();  //pause the mp3
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.start();  //start the mp3 from the pause
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.playFolder(15, 4);  //play specific mp3 in SD:/15/004.mp3; Folder Name(1~99); File Name(1~255)
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.enableLoopAll(); //loop all mp3 files.
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.disableLoopAll(); //stop loop all mp3 files.
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.playMp3Folder(4); //play specific mp3 in SD:/MP3/0004.mp3; File Name(0~65535)
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.advertise(3); //advertise specific mp3 in SD:/ADVERT/0003.mp3; File Name(0~65535)
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.stopAdvertise(); //stop advertise
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.playLargeFolder(2, 999); //play specific mp3 in SD:/02/004.mp3; Folder Name(1~10); File Name(1~1000)
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.loopFolder(5); //loop all mp3 files in folder SD:/05.
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.randomAll(); //Random play all the mp3.
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.enableLoop(); //enable loop.
  delay(1000);
  myDFPlayer.disableLoop(); //disable loop.
  delay(1000);

  //----Read imformation----
  Serial.println(myDFPlayer.readState()); //read mp3 state
  Serial.println(myDFPlayer.readVolume()); //read current volume
  Serial.println(myDFPlayer.readEQ()); //read EQ setting
  Serial.println(myDFPlayer.readFileCounts()); //read all file counts in SD card
  Serial.println(myDFPlayer.readCurrentFileNumber()); //read current play file number
  Serial.println(myDFPlayer.readFileCountsInFolder(3)); //read fill counts in folder SD:/03
}

void loop()
{
  static unsigned long timer = millis();

  if (millis() - timer > 3000) {
    timer = millis();
    myDFPlayer.next();  //Play next mp3 every 3 second.
  }

  if (myDFPlayer.available()) {
    printDetail(myDFPlayer.readType(), myDFPlayer.read()); //Print the detail message from DFPlayer to handle different errors and states.
  }
}

void printDetail(uint8_t type, int value){
  switch (type) {
    case TimeOut:
      Serial.println(F("Time Out!"));
      break;
    case WrongStack:
      Serial.println(F("Stack Wrong!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerCardInserted:
      Serial.println(F("Card Inserted!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerCardRemoved:
      Serial.println(F("Card Removed!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerCardOnline:
      Serial.println(F("Card Online!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerPlayFinished:
      Serial.print(F("Number:"));
      Serial.print(value);
      Serial.println(F(" Play Finished!"));
      break;
    case DFPlayerError:
      Serial.print(F("DFPlayerError:"));
      switch (value) {
        case Busy:
          Serial.println(F("Card not found"));
          break;
        case Sleeping:
          Serial.println(F("Sleeping"));
          break;
        case SerialWrongStack:
          Serial.println(F("Get Wrong Stack"));
          break;
        case CheckSumNotMatch:
          Serial.println(F("Check Sum Not Match"));
          break;
        case FileIndexOut:
          Serial.println(F("File Index Out of Bound"));
          break;
        case FileMismatch:
          Serial.println(F("Cannot Find File"));
          break;
        case Advertise:
          Serial.println(F("In Advertise"));
          break;
        default:
          break;
      }
      break;
    default:
      break;
  }
}

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