Introduction

This capacitive fingerprint sensor supports fingerprint capture, image processing, fingerprint storage, fingerprint comparison and so on. Taking ID809 high-performance processor and semiconductor fingerprint sensor as the core, the sensor adopts built-in IDfinger6.0 algorithm, which can complete all fingerprint identification work independently. The product supports UART communication. When working with Arduino library, it can easily realize functions like fingerprint registration, fingerprint deletion, etc. Also, we provide an upper computer software to help users operate this sensor conveniently.

This fingerprint sensor comes with round breathing LEDs and has a simple structure, small size, and delicate appearance. The sensor offers fast recognition speed and high security. What’s more, it supports 360 degree arbitrary angle recognition and deep self-learning function, high performance and low power consumption.

Features

Application

Specification

Board Overview

SEN0348 size

Num Label Description
1 GND Ground
2 RX UART recieve
3 TX UART transmit
4 VIN Power supply (3.3V): connect to work, disconnect to enter sleep
5 IRQ Finger sensing output:active high
6 3.3V Power Supply

Tutorial

warning_yellow.png Note: it is recommended to use hardware serial to drive this sensor module, since it may be unstable when using software serial, which may result in unknown errors. It is suggested to reduce the module's baud rate to 9600 when using software serial driver.

Requirements

  /**
   * @brief Test whether the module is properly connected 
   * @return true or false
   */
  bool isConnected();

  /**
   * @brief Set LED light
   * @param mode:in typedef enum eLED_MODE_t
   * @param color:in typedef enum eLED_COLOR_t
   * @param blink Count 0 represents keeping breathing, blinking, this parameter is only valid in mode eBreathing, eFastBlink, eSlowBlink
   * @return 0(succeed) or ERR_ID809
   */
  uint8_t ctrlLED(eLEDMode_t mode,eLEDColor_t color,uint8_t blinkCount);

  /**
   * @brief Detect whether the module is touched by a finger 
   * @return 1(Yes) or 0(No)
   */
  uint8_t detectFinger();

  /**
   * @brief Get first registrable ID number 
   * @return Registrable ID number or Error Code
   */
  uint8_t getEmptyID();

  /**
   * @brief Check whether the ID has been registered
   * @return 0(Registered), 1(Not yet) or ERR_ID809
   */
  uint8_t getStatusID(uint8_t ID);

  /**
   * @brief Get the number of registered users 
   * @return Number of registered users or ERR_ID809
   */
  uint8_t getEnrollCount();

  /**
   * @brief Get the list of registered users 
   * @return 0(succeed) or ERR_ID809
   */
   uint8_t getEnrolledIDList(uint8_t* list);

  /**
   * @brief Capture fingerprint
   * @return 0(succeed) or ERR_ID809
   */
  uint8_t collectionFingerprint(uint16_t timeout);

  /**
   * @brief Save fingerprint
   * @param Fingerprint ID
   * @return 0(succeed) or ERR_ID809
   */
  uint8_t storeFingerprint(uint8_t ID);

  /**
   * @brief Delete fingerprint 
   * @param Finerprint ID or DELALL(delete all)
   * @return 0(succeed) or ERR_ID809
   */
  uint8_t delFingerprint(uint8_t ID);

  /**
   * @brief Match the fingerprint with all fingerprints
   * @return Successfully matched fingerprint ID, 0(Finerprint matching failed) or ERR_ID809
   */
  uint8_t search();

  /**
   * @brief Match the fingerprint with a designated fingerprint
   * @return Successfully matched fingerprint ID, 0(Finerprint matching failed) or ERR_ID809
   */
  uint8_t verify(uint8_t ID);

  /**
   * @brief Get error information
   * @return Text description of error information
   */
  String getErrorDescription();

Connection Diagram

Leonardo Connection


UNO Connection

Sample Code 1-Check Module Baud Rate

The module's default baud rate is 115200. You can use the following codes to check its buad rate(the buad rate will not be recovered to default value when the module is power off).

/*!
 * @file queryDeviceBPS.ino
 * @brief Query device baud rate
 * @n Experiment Phenomenon:Query device baud rate, and print from serial port 
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2010 DFRobot Co.Ltd (http://www.dfrobot.com)
 * @licence     The MIT License (MIT)
 * @author [Eddard](Eddard.liu@dfrobot.com)
 * @version  V1.0
 * @date  2020-03-19
 * @get from https://www.dfrobot.com
 * @url https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_ID809
*/
#include <DFRobot_ID809.h>

/*Use software serial when using UNO or NANO*/
#if ((defined ARDUINO_AVR_UNO) || (defined ARDUINO_AVR_NANO))
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial Serial1(2, 3);  //RX, TX
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#else
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#endif

DFRobot_ID809 fingerprint;

uint32_t ID809_BPS[5] = {9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200};
uint8_t i = 0;

void setup(){
  /*Init print serial port */
  Serial.begin(9600);
  /*Test module baud rate */
  do{
    /*Init FPSerial*/
    Serial.print(".");
    FPSerial.begin(ID809_BPS[i]);
    /*Take FPSerial as communication port of fingerprint module */
    fingerprint.begin(FPSerial);
    i++;
    if(i > 4) i = 0;
  }while(fingerprint.isConnected() == false);
  Serial.println(" ");
}

void loop(){
  Serial.print("Module baud rate:");
  Serial.println(ID809_BPS[i-1]);
  Serial.println("-----------------------------");
  delay(1000);
}

Expected Result 1

SEN0348 Result1

Sample Code 2-Get Module Information

Get and serial print the module information.

/*!
 * @file getDeviceInformation.ino
 * @brief Get fingerprint module information 
 * @n Experiment Phenomenon:serial print module ID, security level, baud rate, etc. 
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2010 DFRobot Co.Ltd (http://www.dfrobot.com)
 * @licence     The MIT License (MIT)
 * @author [Eddard](Eddard.liu@dfrobot.com)
 * @version  V1.0
 * @date  2020-03-19
 * @get from https://www.dfrobot.com
 * @url https://github.com/cdjq/DFRobot_ID809
*/

#include <DFRobot_ID809.h>

/*Use software serial when using UNO or NANO*/
#if ((defined ARDUINO_AVR_UNO) || (defined ARDUINO_AVR_NANO))
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial Serial1(2, 3);  //RX, TX
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#else
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#endif

DFRobot_ID809 fingerprint;
//String desc;

void setup(){
  /*Init print serial port */
  Serial.begin(9600);
  /*Init FPSerial*/
  FPSerial.begin(115200);
  /*Take FPSerial as communication port of fingerprint module */
  fingerprint.begin(FPSerial);
  /*Wait for Serial to open*/
  while(!Serial);
  /*Test whether device can communicate properly with mainboard 
    Return true or false
    */
  while(fingerprint.isConnected() == false){
    Serial.println("Communication with device failed, please check connection");
    /*Get error code information */
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
    delay(1000);
  }
}

uint8_t enrollCount;   //Number of registered users 

void loop(){
  /*Set module ID, available range: 1-255*/
  //fingerprint.setDeviceID(/*Device ID = */1);
  Serial.print("Module ID:");
  /*Read module ID*/
  Serial.println(fingerprint.getDeviceID());

  /*Set module security level, range 1-5. Default level: 3
    Security Level          Recognition rate 
      Level 1           FAR  0.1%
                        FRR  0.005%
      Level 2           FAR  0.003%
                        FRR  0 01%
      Level 3           FAR  0.001%
                        FRR  0.1%
      Level 4           FAR  0.003%
                        FRR  0.5%
      Level 5           FAR  0.0001%
                        FRR  1%
   */
  //fingerprint.setSecurityLevel(/*Security Level = */3);
  Serial.print("Module security level:");
  /*Read module security level*/
  Serial.println(fingerprint.getSecurityLevel());

  /*Set module baud rate, available range: 
    e9600bps    e19200bps   e38400bps   e57600bps    e115200bps
       1           2            3          4             5
   */
  //fingerprint.setBaudrate(fingerprint.e115200bps);
  Serial.print("Module baud rate: ");
  /*Read module baud rate*/
  Serial.println(fingerprint.getBaudrate());

  /*Set module self-learning function, 1(ON) 0(OFF)*/
  //fingerprint.setAutoLearn(/*Auto Learn = */1);
  Serial.print("Module self-learning function: ");
  /*Read the state of module self-learning function 
    Print ON if it is enabled, otherwise print OFF */
  Serial.println(fingerprint.getSelfLearn()?"ON":"OFF");

  /*Set module serial number, the number of characters of serial number should be small than 15 */
  //fingerprint.setModuleSN(/*Module SN = */"DFRobot");
  Serial.print("Module serial number:");
  /*Read module serial number */
  Serial.println(fingerprint.getModuleSN());

  Serial.print("Number of registered fingerprints in the module:");
  /*Get the number of registered users */
  Serial.println(enrollCount = fingerprint.getEnrollCount());
  /*Declare an array to hold ID list */
  uint8_t list[80] = {0};
  /*Get user list 
   */
  fingerprint.getEnrolledIDList(list);
  Serial.print("ID list of registered users: ");
  for(uint8_t i = 0; i < enrollCount; i++){
    Serial.print(list[i]);
    Serial.print(",");
  }

  Serial.print("\n Number of broken fingerprints:");
  /*Get the number of broken fingerprints */
  Serial.println(fingerprint.getBrokenQuantity());
  /*Get the ID of the first broken fingerprint*/
  //fingerprint.getBrokenID();
  Serial.println("-----------------------------");

  delay(1000);
}

Expected Result 2

SEN0348 Result2

Sample Code 3-Add Fingerprints

This sample automatically obtains the registrable ID, then collects the fingerprint three times, the yellow light flashes three times successfully. At last, save the fingerprint to the acquired unregistered ID, the green light is on for 1s, and then turns off.

/*!
 * @file fingerprintRegistration.ino
 * @brief Fingerprint Acquisition and Saving 
 * @n This module can be controlled by hardware serial or software serial 
 * @n Experiment Phenomenon:auto retrieve unregistered ID, collect fingerprint 3 times.  
 * @n           In collecting, set LED ring to breathing lighting in blue, and then to quick blink in yellow 3 times when completed 
 * @n           At last, save the fingerprint in an unregistered ID, the green LED lights up for 1s and turns off. 
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2010 DFRobot Co.Ltd (http://www.dfrobot.com)
 * @licence     The MIT License (MIT)
 * @author [Eddard](Eddard.liu@dfrobot.com)
 * @version  V1.0
 * @date  2020-03-19
 * @get from https://www.dfrobot.com
 * @url https://github.com/cdjq/DFRobot_ID809
*/

#include <DFRobot_ID809.h>

#define COLLECT_NUMBER 3  //Fingerprint sampling times, can be set to 2-3

/*Use software serial when using UNO or NANO */
#if ((defined ARDUINO_AVR_UNO) || (defined ARDUINO_AVR_NANO))
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial Serial1(2, 3);  //RX, TX
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#else
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#endif

DFRobot_ID809 fingerprint;
//String desc;

void setup(){
  /*Init print serial port */
  Serial.begin(9600);
  /*Init FPSerial*/
  FPSerial.begin(115200);
  /*Take FPSerial as communication port of the module*/
  fingerprint.begin(FPSerial);
  /*Wait for Serial to open*/
  while(!Serial);
  /*Test whether the device can communicate properly with mainboard 
    Return true or false
    */
  while(fingerprint.isConnected() == false){
    Serial.println("Communication with device failed, please check connection");
    /*Get error code information*/
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
    delay(1000);
  }
}

uint8_t ID,i,ret;

void loop(){
  /*Get an unregistered ID for saving fingerprint 
    Return ID when succeeded 
    Return ERR_ID809 if failed 
   */
  if((ID = fingerprint.getEmptyID()) == ERR_ID809){
    while(1){
      /*Get error code information*/
      //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
      //Serial.println(desc);
      delay(1000);
    }
  }
  Serial.print("unresistered ID,ID=");
  Serial.println(ID);
  i = 0;   //Clear sampling times 
  /*Fingerprint sampling 3 times*/
  while(i < COLLECT_NUMBER){
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring mode, color, and number of blinks 
      Can be set as follows: 
      Parameter 1:<LEDMode>
      eBreathing   eFastBlink   eKeepsOn    eNormalClose
      eFadeIn      eFadeOut     eSlowBlink   
      Parameter 2:<LEDColor>
      eLEDGreen  eLEDRed      eLEDYellow   eLEDBlue
      eLEDCyan   eLEDMagenta  eLEDWhite
      Parameter 3:<Number of blinks> 0 represents blinking all the time 
      This parameter will only be valid in mode eBreathing, eFastBlink, eSlowBlink
     */
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eBreathing, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
    Serial.print("The fingerprint sampling of the");
    Serial.print(i+1);
    Serial.println("(th) is being taken");
    Serial.println("Please press down your finger");
    /*Capture fingerprint image, 10s idle timeout, if timeout=0,Disable  the collection timeout function
      IF succeeded, return 0, otherwise, return ERR_ID809
     */
    if((fingerprint.collectionFingerprint(/*timeout = */10)) != ERR_ID809){
      /*Set fingerprint LED ring to quick blink in yellow 3 times */
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eFastBlink, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDYellow, /*blinkCount = */3);
      Serial.println("Sampling succeeds");
      i++;   //Sampling times +1
    }else{
      Serial.println("Sampling failed");
      /*Get error code information*/
      //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
      //Serial.println(desc);
    }
    Serial.println("Please release your finger");
    /*Wait for finger to release 
      Return 1 when finger is detected, otherwise return 0 
     */
    while(fingerprint.detectFinger());
  }

  /*Save fingerprint in an unregistered ID */
  if(fingerprint.storeFingerprint(/*Empty ID = */ID) != ERR_ID809){
    Serial.print("Saving succeed,ID=");
    Serial.println(ID);
    Serial.println("-----------------------------");
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in green */
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDGreen, /*blinkCount = */0);
    delay(1000);
    /*Turn off fingerprint LED ring */
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eNormalClose, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
    delay(1000);
  }else{
    Serial.println("Saving failed");
    /*Get error code information*/
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
  }
}

Expected Result 3

SEN0348 Result3

Sample Code 4-Fingerprint Matching

Collect the fingerprint image and compare it with the fingerprints in the fingerprint library. If the comparison succeeds, the green light will be on and the ID number will be printed. If it fails, the red light will be on and the matching failure will be prompted.

/*!
 * @file fingerprintMatching.ino
 * @brief Gather fingerprint and compare it with fingerprints in fingerprint library
 * @n Experiment Phenomenon:capture fingerprint image and compare it with all fingerprints in the fingerprint library
                If matched successfully, light up green LED and print ID number. Return 0 when failed.
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2010 DFRobot Co.Ltd (http://www.dfrobot.com)
 * @licence     The MIT License (MIT)
 * @author [Eddard](Eddard.liu@dfrobot.com)
 * @version  V1.0
 * @date  2020-03-19
 * @get from https://www.dfrobot.com
 * @url https://github.com/cdjq/DFRobot_ID809
*/
#include <DFRobot_ID809.h>

/*Use software serial when using UNO or NANO*/
#if ((defined ARDUINO_AVR_UNO) || (defined ARDUINO_AVR_NANO))
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial Serial1(2, 3);  //RX, TX
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#else
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#endif

DFRobot_ID809 fingerprint;
//String desc;

void setup(){
  /*Init print serial port*/
  Serial.begin(9600);
  /*Init FPSerial*/
  FPSerial.begin(115200);
  /*Take FPSerial as communication serial port of the fingerprint module*/
  fingerprint.begin(FPSerial);
  /*Wait for Serial to open*/
  while(!Serial);
  /*Test whether the device can properly communicate with mainboard
   Return true or false
    */
  while(fingerprint.isConnected() == false){
    Serial.println("Communication with device failed, please check connection");
    /*Get error code information*/
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
    delay(1000);
  }
}

void loop(){
  uint8_t ret = 0;
  /*Set fingerprint LED ring mode, color, and number of blinks
    Can be set as follows:
    Parameter 1:<LEDMode>
    eBreathing   eFastBlink   eKeepsOn    eNormalClose
    eFadeIn      eFadeOut     eSlowBlink   
    Parameter 2:<LEDColor>
    eLEDGreen  eLEDRed      eLEDYellow   eLEDBlue
    eLEDCyan   eLEDMagenta  eLEDWhite
    Parameter 3:<number of blinks> 0 represents blinking all the time
    This parameter will only be valid in mode eBreathing, eFastBlink, eSlowBlink
   */
  fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eBreathing, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
  Serial.println("Please press down your finger");
  /*Capture fingerprint image, Disable the collection timeout function 
    If succeed return 0, otherwise return ERR_ID809
   */
  if((fingerprint.collectionFingerprint(/*timeout=*/0)) != ERR_ID809){
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring to quick blink in yellow 3 times*/
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eFastBlink, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDYellow, /*blinkCount = */3);
    Serial.println("Capturing succeeds");
      Serial.println("Please release your finger");
    /*Wait for finger to release
      Return 1 when finger is detected, otherwise return 0 
     */
    while(fingerprint.detectFinger());

    /*Compare the captured fingerprint with all the fingerprints in the fingerprint library 
      Return fingerprint ID(1-80) if succeed, return 0 when failed 
     */
    ret = fingerprint.search();
    /*Compare the captured fingerprint with a fingerprint of specific ID 
      Return fingerprint ID(1-80) if succeed, return 0 when failed 
     */
    //ret = fingerprint.verify(/*Fingerprint ID = */1);  
    if(ret != 0){
      /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in green */
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDGreen, /*blinkCount = */0);
      Serial.print("Matching succeeds,ID=");
      Serial.println(ret);
    }else{
      /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in red*/
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDRed, /*blinkCount = */0);
      Serial.println("Matching fails");
    }
  }else{
    Serial.println("Capturing fails");
    /*Get error code information*/
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
  }
  Serial.println("-----------------------------");
  delay(1000);
}

Expected Result 4

SEN0348 Result4

Sample Code 5-Fingerprint Deletion

Run the codes, press your finger on the sensor to delete your fingerprint.

/*!
 * @file fingerprintDeletion.ino
 * @brief Delete a specific fingerprint 
 * @n Experiment phenomenon:press your finger on the sensor, if this fingerprint is registered, delete it and LED turns on in green. 
      If it is unregistered or fingerprint collection fails, LED light turns on in red.
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2010 DFRobot Co.Ltd (http://www.dfrobot.com)
 * @licence     The MIT License (MIT)
 * @author [Eddard](Eddard.liu@dfrobot.com)
 * @version  V1.0
 * @date  2020-03-19
 * @get from https://www.dfrobot.com
 * @url https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_ID809
*/
#include <DFRobot_ID809.h>

/*Use software serial when using UNO or NANO */
#if ((defined ARDUINO_AVR_UNO) || (defined ARDUINO_AVR_NANO))
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial Serial1(2, 3);  //RX, TX
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#else
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#endif

DFRobot_ID809 fingerprint;
//String desc;

void setup(){
  /*Init print serial port*/
  Serial.begin(9600);
  /*Init FPSerial*/
  FPSerial.begin(115200);
  /*Take FPSerial as communication serial port of the fingerprint module */
  fingerprint.begin(FPSerial);
  /*Wait for Serial to open*/
  while(!Serial);
  /*Test whether the device can properly communicate with mainboard
    Return true or false
    */
  while(fingerprint.isConnected() == false){
    Serial.println("Communication with device failed, please check connection");
    /*Get error code information*/
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
    delay(1000);
  }
}

void loop(){
  uint8_t ret = 0;
  Serial.println("Press your finger on the sensor to delete the fingerprint");
  /*Set fingerprint LED ring mode, color, and number of blinks 
    Can be set as follows: 
    Parameter 1:<LEDMode>
    eBreathing   eFastBlink   eKeepsOn    eNormalClose
    eFadeIn      eFadeOut     eSlowBlink   
    Parameter 2:<LEDColor>
    eLEDGreen  eLEDRed      eLEDYellow   eLEDBlue
    eLEDCyan   eLEDMagenta  eLEDWhite
    Parameter 3:<Number of blinks> 0 represents blinking all the time 
    This parameter will only be valid in mode eBreathing, eFastBlink, eSlowBlink
   */
  fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eBreathing, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
  /*Capture fingerprint image, 10s idle timeout, if timeout=0,Disable  the collection timeout function
    If succeed return 0, otherwise return ERR_ID809
   */
  if((fingerprint.collectionFingerprint(/*timeout=*/10)) != ERR_ID809){
    /*Compare the captured fingerprint with all the fingerprints in the fingerprint library 
      Return fingerprint ID(1-80) if succeed, return 0 when failed 
     */
    ret = fingerprint.search();
    if(ret != 0){
      /*Delete the fingerprint of this ID*/
      fingerprint.delFingerprint(/*Fingerprint ID = */ret);
      //fingerprint.delFingerprint(DELALL);  //Delete all fingerprints 
      Serial.print("delete succeeds,ID=");
      Serial.println(ret);
      /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in green */
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDGreen, /*blinkCount = */0);
    }else{
      Serial.println("Fingerprint is unregistered");
      /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in red*/
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDRed, /*blinkCount = */0);
    }
  }else{
    Serial.println("Capturing fails");
    /*Get error code information*/
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in red*/
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDRed, /*blinkCount = */0);
  }
  Serial.println("Please release your finger");
  /*Wait for finger to release
    Return 1 when finger is detected, otherwise return 0 
   */
  while(fingerprint.detectFinger());
    /*Check whether the fingerprint ID has been registered 
    Return 1 if registered, otherwise return 0 
   */
//  if(fingerprint.getStatusID(/*Fingerprint ID = */ret)){
//    Serial.println("ID has been registered");
//  }else{
//    Serial.println("ID is unregistered");
//  }
  Serial.println("-----------------------------");
  delay(1000);
}

Expected Result 5

SEN0348 Result5

Sample Code 6-Comprehensive Examples

This example is a comprehensive application of fingerprint module, in which the module will enter into different modes according to the length of finger pressing time. When a finger pressed down, the blue light flashes 3 times to enter the fingerprint comparison mode; the yellow light flashes 3 times to enter the fingerprint registration mode; the red light flashes 3 times to enter the fingerprint deletion mode to delete the fingerprint. This experiment needs to connect IRQ pin to D6 pin.

/*!
 * @file comprehensiveExample.ino
 * @brief Comprehensive Example 
 * @n This module can be controlled by hardware serial or software serial. Pin IRQ should be connected to D6 in this experiment. 
 * @n Experiment Phenomenon:when finger press down, the blue LED blinks quickly 3 times, which means it enters fingerprint 
 * @n comparison mode.
 * @n                        The yellow LED blinks quickly 3 times for entering fingerprint registration mode
 * @n                        The red LED blinks quickly 3 times for entering fingerprint deletion mode, and delete this fringerprint
 * @n                        Enter sleep mode when idle for 5 seconds 
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2010 DFRobot Co.Ltd (http://www.dfrobot.com)
 * @licence     The MIT License (MIT)
 * @author [Eddard](Eddard.liu@dfrobot.com)
 * @version  V1.0
 * @date  2020-03-19
 * @get from https://www.dfrobot.com
 * @url https://github.com/cdjq/DFRobot_ID809
*/

#include <DFRobot_ID809.h>

#define COLLECT_NUMBER 3  //Fingerprint sampling times, can be set to 1-3
#define IRQ         6  //IRQ pin 

/*Use software serial when using UNO or NANO*/
#if ((defined ARDUINO_AVR_UNO) || (defined ARDUINO_AVR_NANO))
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial Serial1(2, 3);  //RX, TX
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#else
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#endif

DFRobot_ID809 fingerprint;
//String desc;

void setup(){
  /*Init print serial*/
  Serial.begin(9600);
  /*Init FPSerial*/
  FPSerial.begin(115200);
  /*Take FPSerial as communication serial of fingerprint module*/
  fingerprint.begin(FPSerial);
  /*Wait for Serial to open*/
  while(!Serial);
  /*Test whether the device can properly communicate with mainboard
    Return true or false
    */
  while(fingerprint.isConnected() == false){
    Serial.println("Communication with device failed, please check connection");
    /*Get error code information*/
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
    delay(1000);
  }
}

//Blue LED Comparison mode  Yellow LED Registration mode  Red Deletion mode 
void loop(){
  if(digitalRead(IRQ)){
    uint16_t i = 0;
    /*Capture fingerprint image, 5s idle timeout, if timeout=0,Disable  the collection timeout function
      Return 0 if succeed, otherwise return ERR_ID809
     */
    if((fingerprint.collectionFingerprint(/*timeout=*/5)) != ERR_ID809){
      /*Get the time finger pressed down*/
      /*Set fingerprint LED ring mode, color, and number of blinks 
        Can be set as follows:
        Parameter 1:<LEDMode>
        eBreathing   eFastBlink   eKeepsOn    eNormalClose
        eFadeIn      eFadeOut     eSlowBlink   
        Paramerer 2:<LEDColor>
        eLEDGreen  eLEDRed      eLEDYellow   eLEDBlue
        eLEDCyan   eLEDMagenta  eLEDWhite
        Parameter 3:<number of blinks> 0 represents blinking all the time
        This parameter will only be valid in mode eBreathing, eFastBlink, eSlowBlink
       */
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eFastBlink, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */3);  //blue LED blinks quickly 3 times, means it's in fingerprint comparison mode now
      /*Wait for finger to relase */
      while(fingerprint.detectFinger()){
        delay(50);
        i++;
        if(i == 15){             //Yellow LED blinks quickly 3 times, means it's in fingerprint regisrtation mode now
          /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in yellow*/
          fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eFastBlink, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDYellow, /*blinkCount = */3);
        }else if(i == 30){      //Red LED blinks quickly 3 times, means it's in fingerprint deletion mode now 
          /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in red*/
          fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eFastBlink, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDRed, /*blinkCount = */3);
        }
      }
    }
    if(i == 0){
      /*Fingerprint capturing failed*/
    }else if(i > 0 && i < 15){
      Serial.println("Enter fingerprint comparison mode");
      /*Compare fingerprints*/
      fingerprintMatching();
    }else if(i >= 15 && i < 30){
      Serial.println("Enter fingerprint registration mode");
      /*Registrate fingerprint*/
      fingerprintRegistration();
    }else{
      Serial.println("Enter fingerprint deletion mode");
      /*Delete this fingerprint*/
      fingerprintDeletion();
    }
  }
}

//Compare fingerprints
void fingerprintMatching(){
  /*Compare the captured fingerprint with all fingerprints in the fingerprint library
    Return fingerprint ID number(1-80) if succeed, return 0 when failed
   */
  uint8_t ret = fingerprint.search();
  if(ret != 0){
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in green*/
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDGreen, /*blinkCount = */0);
    Serial.print("Successfully matched,ID=");
    Serial.println(ret);
  }else{
    /*Set fingerprint LED Ring to always ON in red*/
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDRed, /*blinkCount = */0);
    Serial.println("Matching failed");
  }
  delay(1000);
  /*Turn off fingerprint LED Ring*/
  fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eNormalClose, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
  Serial.println("-----------------------------");
}

//Fingerprint Registration
void fingerprintRegistration(){
  uint8_t ID,i;
  /*Compare the captured fingerprint with all fingerprints in the fingerprint library
    Return fingerprint ID number(1-80) if succeed, return 0 when failed
    Function: clear the last captured fingerprint image
   */
  fingerprint.search();       //Can add "if else" statement to judge whether the fingerprint has been registered. 
  /*Get a unregistered ID for saving fingerprint 
    Return ID number when succeed 
    Return ERR_ID809 if failed
   */
  if((ID = fingerprint.getEmptyID()) == ERR_ID809){
    while(1){
      /*Get error code imformation*/
      //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
      //Serial.println(desc);
      delay(1000);
    }
  }
  Serial.print("Unregistered ID,ID=");
  Serial.println(ID);
  i = 0;   //Clear sampling times 
  /*Fingerprint Sampling 3 times */
  while(i < COLLECT_NUMBER){
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring to breathing lighting in blue*/
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eBreathing, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
    Serial.print("The fingerprint sampling of the");
    Serial.print(i+1);
    Serial.println("(th) time is being taken");
    Serial.println("Please press down your finger");
    /*Capture fingerprint image, 10s idle timeout 
      If succeed return 0, otherwise return ERR_ID809
     */
    if((fingerprint.collectionFingerprint(/*timeout = */10)) != ERR_ID809){
      /*Set fingerprint LED ring to quick blink in yellow 3 times*/
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eFastBlink, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDYellow, /*blinkCount = */3);
      Serial.println("Capturing succeeds");
      i++;   //Sampling times +1 
    }else{
      Serial.println("Capturing fails");
      /*Get error code information*/
      //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
      //Serial.println(desc);
    }
    Serial.println("Please release your finger");
    /*Wait for finger to release
      Return 1 when finger is detected, otherwise return 0 
     */
    while(fingerprint.detectFinger());
  }

  /*Save fingerprint information into an unregistered ID*/
  if(fingerprint.storeFingerprint(/*Empty ID = */ID) != ERR_ID809){
    Serial.print("Saving succeed,ID=");
    Serial.println(ID);
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in green*/
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDGreen, /*blinkCount = */0);
    delay(1000);
    /*Turn off fingerprint LED ring */
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eNormalClose, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
  }else{
    Serial.println("Saving failed");
    /*Get error code information*/
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
  }
  Serial.println("-----------------------------");
}


//Fingerprint deletion
void fingerprintDeletion(){
  uint8_t ret;
  /*Compare the captured fingerprint with all the fingerprints in the fingerprint library 
    Return fingerprint ID(1-80) if succeed, return 0 when failed 
   */
  ret = fingerprint.search();
  if(ret){
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in green*/
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDGreen, /*blinkCount = */0);
    fingerprint.delFingerprint(ret);
    Serial.print("deleted fingerprint,ID=");
    Serial.println(ret);
  }else{
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in red*/
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDRed, /*blinkCount = */0);
    Serial.println("Matching failed or the fingerprint hasn't been registered");
  }
  delay(1000);
  /*Turn off fingerprint LED ring*/
  fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eNormalClose, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
  Serial.println("-----------------------------");
}

SEN0348 Result6

Sample Code 7-Comparison of fingerprint and template data

Once you press your finger down, your fingerprint can be compared with the template data. The template data does not occupy the fingerprint storage capacity, and those for comparison are stored in an array. In this case, the template data can come from external sources (such as SD card and cloud). Please make sure that there are fingerprints stored in ID 1 before using this example.

/*!
 *@file contrastTemplate.ino
 *@brief Extract the ID 1 fingerprint template, and collect fingerprint to compare with it.
 *@copyright   Copyright (c) 2010 DFRobot Co.Ltd (http://www.dfrobot.com)
 *@licence     The MIT License (MIT)
 *@author [fengli](li.feng@dfrobot.com)
 *@version  V1.0
 *@date  2021-6-01
 *@get from https://www.dfrobot.com
 *@https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_ID809
*/
#include <DFRobot_ID809.h>


uint8_t temp[1008]={0};    //Template data

/*Use software serial when using UNO or NANO*/
#if ((defined ARDUINO_AVR_UNO) || (defined ARDUINO_AVR_NANO))
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial Serial1(2, 3);  //RX, TX
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#else
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#endif

DFRobot_ID809 fingerprint;
//String desc;

void setup(){
  /*Init print serial port */
  Serial.begin(9600);
  /*Init FPSerial*/
  FPSerial.begin(115200);
  /*Take FPSerial as communication port of fingerprint module */
  fingerprint.begin(FPSerial);
  /*Wait for Serial to open*/
  while(!Serial);
  /*Test whether device can communicate properly with mainboard 
    Return true or false
    */
  while(fingerprint.isConnected() == false){
    Serial.println("Communication with device failed, please check connection");
    /*Get error code information */
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
    delay(1000);
  }
  //Get the fingerprint template of ID 1
  fingerprint.getTemplate(/*id = */1,temp);
  //Download the template to ID 1.
  //fingerprint.downLoadTemplate(/*id = */1,temp);
}

void loop(){
  /*Set the fingerprint LED ring as blue breathing light*/
  fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eBreathing, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
  Serial.println("Please press down your finger");
  /*Capture fingerprint image, Disable the collection timeout function 
    If succeed return 0, otherwise return ERR_ID809
    Collect fingerprint template data and store them to rambuffer0
   */
  if((fingerprint.collectionFingerprint(/*timeout=*/0,0)) != ERR_ID809){
    /*Set fingerprint LED ring to quick blink in yellow 3 times*/
    fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eFastBlink, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDYellow, /*blinkCount = */3);
    Serial.println("Capturing succeeds");
    Serial.println("Please release your finger");
    /*Wait for finger to release
      Return 1 when finger is detected, otherwise return 0 
     */
    while(fingerprint.detectFinger());
    //Compare the template data with the collected fingerprints
    if(!fingerprint.contrastTemplate(/*TEMP = */temp)){
      /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in green*/
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDGreen, /*blinkCount = */0);
      Serial.println("Matching succeeds, the template matches the finger");
    }else{
      /*Set fingerprint LED ring to always ON in red*/
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eKeepsOn, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDRed, /*blinkCount = */0);
      Serial.println("Matching fails, the template does not match the finger");
    }
  }else{
    Serial.println("Capturing fails");
  }
  Serial.println("-----------------------------");
  delay(1000);
}

SEN0348-7

Sample Code 8-Display fingerprint images

This example will demonstrate collecting and displaying fingerprint images, and storing them in SD card.
Other devices used in this example
DFR0652 Firebeetle Board-M0 (V1.0)
DFR0664 Fermion: 2.0" 320x240 IPS TFT LCD Display with MicroSD Card (Breakout)

Note: Since the image data is relatively large, please use a high-performance main controller. Firebeetle Board-M0 can only display a quarter of the image. If using other main controller, please select the corresponding serial port and modify the codes of SD card according to the controller.

/*!
 *@file getQuarterFingerImage.ino
 *@brief Store the collected fingerprint image in the SD card and display it on the screen, can select to obtain quarter image or full image
 *This example needs to be used with screen, SD card,and high-performance main controllers. 
 *@copyright   Copyright (c) 2010 DFRobot Co.Ltd (http://www.dfrobot.com)
 *@licence     The MIT License (MIT)
 *@author [fengli](li.feng@dfrobot.com)
 *@version  V1.0
 *@date  2021-6-01
 *@get from https://www.dfrobot.com
 *@https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_ID809
*/
#include <DFRobot_ID809.h>
#include "bmpHeader.h"
#include <SD.h>
#include "DFRobot_GDL.h"
//Custom communication pins
/*M0*/
#if defined ARDUINO_SAM_ZERO
#define TFT_DC  7
#define TFT_CS  5
#define TFT_RST 6
/*ESP32*/
#elif defined ESP32
#define TFT_DC  D7
#define TFT_CS  D8
#define TFT_RST D9
/* AVR series mainboard */
#else
#define TFT_DC  2
#define TFT_CS  3
#define TFT_RST 4
#endif


/*Choose the serial port according to the main controller you use*/
#define FPSerial Serial1

DFRobot_ILI9341_240x320_HW_SPI  screen(/*dc=*/TFT_DC,/*cs=*/TFT_CS,/*rst=*/TFT_RST);
DFRobot_ID809 fingerprint;
//String desc;
File myFile;

#define QUARTER
#ifdef  QUARTER
uint8_t data[6400];   //Quarter image
#else
uint8_t data[25600];  //Full image
#endif

void setup(){
  /*Init print serial port */
  Serial.begin(9600);
  /*Init FPSerial*/
  FPSerial.begin(115200);
  /*Take FPSerial as communication port of fingerprint module */
  fingerprint.begin(FPSerial);
  screen.begin();
  screen.fillScreen(0xFFFF);
  /*Wait for Serial to open*/
  /*Test whether device can communicate properly with mainboard 
    Return true or false
    */
  while(fingerprint.isConnected() == false){
    Serial.println("Communication with device failed, please check connection");
    /*Get error code information */
    //desc = fingerprint.getErrorDescription();
    //Serial.println(desc);
    delay(1000);
  }
  /*Initialize the SD card module according to SD library corresponding to the main controller*/
  while(!SD.begin(/*csPin = */3, /*type = */TYPE_NONBOARD_SD_MOUDLE)) {
    SerialUSB.println("initialization failed!");
    delay(1000);
  }
}

void loop(){
  /*Set the fingerprint module LED ring to blue breathing lighting effect*/
  fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eBreathing, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
  Serial.println("Please release your finger");
  /*Wait for finger to release
    Return 1 when finger is detected, otherwise return 0 
   */
  while(!fingerprint.detectFinger());
  #ifdef  QUARTER   //Collect quarter images
  fingerprint.getQuarterFingerImage(data);
  #else  //Collect full images
  fingerprint.getFingerImage(data);
  #endif
  myFile = SD.open("finger.bmp", FILE_WRITE);
  #ifdef  QUARTER
  myFile.write((const char *)bmpHeader, sizeof(bmpHeader));
  for(uint8_t i = 0;i < 13 ;i++){
    if(i == 12){
      myFile.write((const char *)data+i*512, 256);
      break;
      }
    myFile.write((const char *)data+i*512, 512);
    }
    myFile.close(); 
   //Display the image on the screen
   for(uint16_t i = 0; i < 6400 ;i++){
     uint8_t a = i % 80;
     uint8_t b = i / 80;
     screen.drawPixel(80+a,120+b,(data[i]/4)<<5);

   }
  #else
  //Save the picture in bmp format to SD card
  bmpHeader[18] = 0xa0;
  bmpHeader[22] = 0xa0;
  myFile.write((const char *)bmpHeader, sizeof(bmpHeader));
  for(uint8_t i = 0;i < 50 ;i++){
    myFile.write((const char *)data+i*512, 512);
    }
  myFile.close(); 
  //Display the image on the screen
  for(uint16_t i = 0; i < 25600 ;i++){
     uint8_t a = i % 160;
     uint8_t b = i / 160;
     screen.drawPixel(40+a,80+b,(data[i]/4)<<5);
   }
  #endif
  while(1);
}

Sample Code 9-Demo for low power mode

Control Pin VIN via relay to let the Fingerprint module enter low power mode.

How to enter sleep: first send entersleepstation (), and then disconnect the VIN power supply (at this time, the module current is below 10uA)

How to wake up: when the maincontroller monitors that there is a pulse signal output from the Pin IRQ(the IRQ pin will generate a pulse signal when the finger is pressed on the fingerprint module), supply power to the VIN, and determine if the module communicates properly by fingerprint. Isconnected(), if so, then it could work well.

/*!
 * @file Demo for low power mode.ino
 * @brief Control Pin VIN via relay to let the Fingerprint module enter low power mode 
 * @n Experiment Phenomenon:If there is no finger pressing for 10s, the mdoule enters sleep mode. Press your finger on the sensor to exit the sleep mode and the light ring turns on. 
 * @copyright  Copyright (c) 2010 DFRobot Co.Ltd (http://www.dfrobot.com)
 * @licence     The MIT License (MIT)
 * @author [Eddard](Eddard.liu@dfrobot.com)
 * @version  V1.0
 * @date  2021-08-20
 * @get from https://www.dfrobot.com
 * @url https://github.com/DFRobot/DFRobot_ID809
*/
#include <DFRobot_ID809.h>

#define IRQ    6
#define RELAY  7

/*Use software serial when using UNO or NANO*/
#if ((defined ARDUINO_AVR_UNO) || (defined ARDUINO_AVR_NANO))
    #include <SoftwareSerial.h>
    SoftwareSerial Serial1(2, 3);  //RX, TX
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#else
    #define FPSerial Serial1
#endif

DFRobot_ID809 fingerprint;

long long curr = 0;
uint8_t sleepFlag = 1;

void setup(){
  /*Init print serial port */
  Serial.begin(9600);
  /*Init FPSerial*/
  FPSerial.begin(115200);
  /*Take FPSerial as communication port of fingerprint module */
  fingerprint.begin(FPSerial);
  /*Wait for Serial to open*/
  pinMode(RELAY, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(RELAY, HIGH);
  delay(100);  //Delay 100ms to wait for the start of the module
  while(!Serial);
  /*Test whether device can communicate properly with mainboard 
    Return true or false
    */
  while(fingerprint.isConnected() == false){
    Serial.println("Communication with device failed, please check connection");
    delay(1000);
  }
  Serial.println("Module init succeeds, enter sleep mode when no finger pressed for 10s");
  fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eBreathing, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
}


void loop(){
  if(digitalRead(IRQ) && (sleepFlag == 0)){
    digitalWrite(RELAY, HIGH);
    Serial.println("Exit sleep mode");
    delay(100);  //Delay 100ms to wait for the start of the module
    curr = millis();
    sleepFlag = 1;
    if(fingerprint.isConnected() == true){
      Serial.println("Module communication back to normal");
      fingerprint.ctrlLED(/*LEDMode = */fingerprint.eBreathing, /*LEDColor = */fingerprint.eLEDBlue, /*blinkCount = */0);
    } else{
      Serial.println("Module communication recovery failed");
    }
  }
  if((sleepFlag == 1)&&(millis() - curr > 10000)){
    fingerprint.enterStandbyState();  //Let your module enter standby module first, then disconnect VIN power 
    digitalWrite(RELAY, LOW);
    sleepFlag = 0;
    Serial.println("Enter sleep mode");
  }
}

Upper Host Control

For controlling the module via upper host program, we need to connect this module to a computer with a USB to serial module.

Click to download Fingerprint Module Upper Host

Upper Host

FAQ

More Documents

Host Sound Code

DFshopping_car1.png Get Capacitive Fingerprint Sensor from DFRobot Store or DFRobot Distributor.

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