Introduction

This RUM12 from DFRobot is the latest ultrasonic distance sensor designed for distance ranging or obstacle avoidance applications. The sensor offers up to 1500cm detection distance, 15° detection angle and built-in temperature compensation. It adopts RS485 communication interface and supports standard Modbus-RTU protocol, which is suitable for level measurement, robot obstacle avoidance and so on.

Specification

Board Overview

SEN0310-Pinout

Wiring Order

  1. Black (thick line)----Shielded cable

  2. White------------------VCC

  3. Black (thin line)------GND

  4. Orange-----------------RS485-A

  5. Brown------------------RS485-B

Register Description

Register Address Number Name Read/Write Data Range Default Value Data Description
0x00 1 Module PID Register R 0x0000-0xFFFF 0x0001 Product check (Detect module type)
0x01 1 Module VID Register R 0x0000-0xFFFF 0x0010 Version check (0x0010 represents V0.0.1.0)
0x02 1 Module Address Register R/W 0x0001-0x00F7 0x000B When the sensor address is unknown, write to the register through the broadcast address 0x00, at this time, the sensor will not have data output
0x03 1 Serial parameter control register 1 R/W 0x0000-0xFFFF 0x0005 Module Baudrate:
0x0001---2400
0x0003---9600
0x0004---14400
0x0005---19200
0x0006---38400
0x0007---57600
0x0008---115200
Other----115200
0x04 1 Serial parameter control register 2 R/W 0x0000-0xFFFF 0x0001 Module check bit H:  Stop bit L:
0x00---None     0x00---0.5byte
0x01---Even       0x01---1byte
0x02---Odd      0x02---1.5byte
other---none     0x03---2byte
            Other---1byte
0x05 1 Distance register R 0x0000-0xFFFF 0x0000 The distance value LSB measured by the module represents 1cm
0x06 1 Onboard temperature data register R 0x0000-0xFFFF 0x0000 The temperature value measured by the onboard temperature sensor represents 0.1℃ (with unit symbol)
0x07 1 External temperature compensation data register R/W 0x0000-0xFFFF 0x0000 LSB write ambient temperature data to this register for external temperature compensation represents 0.1℃ (with unit symbol)
0x08 1 Control register R/W 0x0000-0xFFFF 0x0004 bit 1: 0
00-use onboard temperature compensation function
01-use external temperature compensation function(Users need to write temperature data to external temperature compensation data register)
1x-Not use temperature compensation function
bit 2:
0-auto detection
1-passive detection
bit 3:
In passive detection mode, write 1 to this bit, then it will measure distance once. The distance value can be read from distance register 300ms later. This bit is disabled in passive detection mode.

Register Read/Write

Requirements

SEN0310-1

SEN0310-Connection

Read Measured Distance

Measure distance in passive ranging mode.

/**************************************************************************************************************
*This code tests the range finder function of the URM12 ultrasonic sensor(1500cm&RS485)
*@ author : roker.wang@dfrobot.com
*@ data   : 30.09.2019
*@ version: 1.0
**************************************************************************************************************/
#include <ArduinoModbus.h>
#include <ArduinoRS485.h>

#define slave_addr   0x0b

#define TEMP_CONFIG_BIT       (0x03)
#define MEASURE_MODE_BIT      (0x01 << 2)
#define MEASURE_TRIG_BIT      (0x01 << 3)

typedef enum
{
  PID,
  VID,
  SLAVE_ADDR,
  COM_BAUDRATE,
  COM_PARITY_STOP,
  DISTANCE,
  INTERNAL_TEMP,
  EXTERN_TEMP,
  CR
} regindex;

volatile uint16_t cr_t = 0;

uint16_t read_data(uint16_t addr_t, uint16_t reg)
{
  uint16_t data_t;
  if (!ModbusRTUClient.requestFrom(addr_t, HOLDING_REGISTERS, reg, 1))
  {
    Serial.print("failed to read registers! ");
    Serial.println(ModbusRTUClient.lastError());
    data_t = 0xffff;
  }
  else
  {
    data_t =  ModbusRTUClient.read();
  }
  return data_t;
}


uint16_t write_data(uint16_t addr_t, uint16_t reg, uint16_t data)
{

  if (!ModbusRTUClient.holdingRegisterWrite(addr_t, reg, data))
  {
    Serial.print("Failed to write coil! ");
    Serial.println(ModbusRTUClient.lastError());
    return 0;
  }
  else
    return 1;
}

void setup() {
  ModbusRTUClient.begin(19200);
  Serial.begin(9600);
  cr_t |= MEASURE_MODE_BIT;// Set bit2
  cr_t &= ~(uint16_t)TEMP_CONFIG_BIT;//internal temp compensation
  write_data(slave_addr, CR, cr_t); //write CR
  delay(100);
}
volatile  uint16_t dist_t;
void loop() {
  cr_t |= MEASURE_TRIG_BIT;//Set bit3
  write_data(slave_addr, CR, cr_t); //write CR
  delay(300);// delay 300ms
  dist_t = read_data(slave_addr,DISTANCE);

  Serial.print("distance = ");
  Serial.print(dist_t, 1);
  Serial.println("cm");
}

SEN0310-Distance Measurement

Read Data from Onboard Temperature Sensor

/**************************************************************************************************************
*This code tests the temperature measurement function of the URM12 ultrasonic sensor(1500cm&RS485)
*@ author : roker.wang@dfrobot.com
*@ data   : 30.09.2019
*@ version: 1.0
*RX(RS485 Shield) -> TX1/D1 (Arduino Leonardo)  TX(RS485 Shield)-> RX1/D0 (Arduino Leonardo)
**************************************************************************************************************/
#include <ArduinoModbus.h>
#include <ArduinoRS485.h>

#define slave_addr   0x0b

typedef enum
{
  PID,
  VID,
  SLAVE_ADDR,
  COM_BAUDRATE,
  COM_PARITY_STOP,
  DISTANCE,
  INTERNAL_TEMP,
  EXTERN_TEMP,
  CR
} regindex;

uint16_t read_data(uint16_t addr_t, uint16_t reg)
{
  uint16_t data_t;
  if (!ModbusRTUClient.requestFrom(addr_t, HOLDING_REGISTERS, reg, 1))
  {
    Serial.print("failed to read registers! ");
    Serial.println(ModbusRTUClient.lastError());
    data_t = 0xffff;
  }
  else
  {
    data_t =  ModbusRTUClient.read();
  }
  return data_t;
}


uint16_t write_data(uint16_t addr_t, uint16_t reg, uint16_t data)
{

  if (!ModbusRTUClient.holdingRegisterWrite(addr_t, reg, data))
  {
    Serial.print("Failed to write coil! ");
    Serial.println(ModbusRTUClient.lastError());
    return 0;
  }
  else
    return 1;
}

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  ModbusRTUClient.begin(19200);
}

volatile float temp;

void loop() {
  temp =  read_data(slave_addr,INTERNAL_TEMP) / 10.0;
  Serial.print("internal temp = ");
  Serial.print(temp,1);
  Serial.println("C");
  delay(500);
}

SEN0310-Temperature Measurement

Modify Module Address

/**************************************************************************************************************
*This code tests the address modification function of the URM12 ultrasonic sensor(1500cm&RS485)
*@ author : roker.wang@dfrobot.com
*@ data   : 30.09.2019
*@ version: 1.0
*RX(RS485 Shield) -> TX1/D1 (Arduino Leonardo)  TX(RS485 Shield)-> RX1/D0 (Arduino Leonardo)
**************************************************************************************************************/
#include <ArduinoModbus.h>
#include <ArduinoRS485.h>

#define addr_public   0x00

typedef enum
{
  PID,
  VID,
  SLAVE_ADDR,
  COM_BAUDRATE,
  COM_PARITY_STOP,
  DISTANCE,
  INTERNAL_TEMP,
  EXTERN_TEMP,
  CR
} regindex;

uint16_t cr_t = 0;

uint16_t read_data(uint16_t addr_t, uint16_t reg)
{
  uint16_t data_t;
  if (!ModbusRTUClient.requestFrom(addr_t, HOLDING_REGISTERS, reg, 1))
  {
    Serial.print("failed to read registers! ");
    Serial.println(ModbusRTUClient.lastError());
    data_t = 0xffff;
  }
  else
  {
    data_t =  ModbusRTUClient.read();
  }
  return data_t;
}


uint16_t write_data(uint16_t addr_t, uint16_t reg, uint16_t data)
{

  if (!ModbusRTUClient.holdingRegisterWrite(addr_t, reg, data))
  {
    //Serial.print("Failed to write coil! ");
    //Serial.println(ModbusRTUClient.lastError());
    return 0;
  }
  else
    return 1;
}



void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  ModbusRTUClient.begin(19200);
  delay(3000);
}
volatile uint16_t addr, res;
void loop() {
  addr = 0x11;
  res = write_data(addr_public, SLAVE_ADDR, addr);
  Serial.print("The device address has been modified as ");

  Serial.print(addr);
  Serial.println(".please power off and restart the device");
  while (1);
}

SEN0310-Modify Address

Modify Module Baud Rate

/**************************************************************************************************************
*This code tests the baudrate modification function of the URM12 ultrasonic sensor(1500cm&RS485)
*@ author : roker.wang@dfrobot.com
*@ data   : 30.09.2019
*@ version: 1.0
*RX(RS485 Shield) -> TX1/D1 (Arduino Leonardo)  TX(RS485 Shield)-> RX1/D0 (Arduino Leonardo)
**************************************************************************************************************/
#include <ArduinoModbus.h>
#include <ArduinoRS485.h>

#define  addr_default    0x0B
#define  baudrate_default   19200

typedef enum
{
  PID,
  VID,
  SLAVE_ADDR,
  COM_BAUDRATE,
  COM_PARITY_STOP,
  DISTANCE,
  INTERNAL_TEMP,
  EXTERN_TEMP,
  CR
} regindex;

uint16_t cr_t = 0;

uint16_t read_data(uint16_t addr_t, uint16_t reg)
{
  uint16_t data_t;
  if (!ModbusRTUClient.requestFrom(addr_t, HOLDING_REGISTERS, reg, 1))
  {
    Serial.print("failed to read registers! ");
    Serial.println(ModbusRTUClient.lastError());
    data_t = 0xffff;
  }
  else
  {
    data_t =  ModbusRTUClient.read();
  }
  return data_t;
}


uint16_t write_data(uint16_t addr_t, uint16_t reg, uint16_t data)
{

  if (!ModbusRTUClient.holdingRegisterWrite(addr_t, reg, data))
  {
    Serial.print("Failed to write coil! ");
    Serial.println(ModbusRTUClient.lastError());
    return 0;
  }
  else
    return 1;
}

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  ModbusRTUClient.begin(baudrate_default);
  delay(3000);
}
volatile uint16_t baudrate_index, res;
void loop() {

  baudrate_index = 3;//0x0001---2400   0x0002---4800 0x0003---9600   0x0004---14400
                     //0x0005---19200  0x0006---38400 0x0007---57600 0x0008---115200 Other----115200
  res = write_data(addr_default, COM_BAUDRATE, baudrate_index);
  if(res)
    Serial.print("The baudrate has been modified as 9600.please power off and restart the device");
  while (1);
}

SEN0310-Modify Baudrate

Detetion Angle and Sensitivity

Normally, the detection area of an ultrasonic sensor is irregular and hard to define due to its physical characteristics. In actual use, we found that the detection area and sensitivity of this sensor may be larger than other ultrasonic sensors. Therefore, when the sensor is used in a narrow space, a non-target object may be detected.

We used two kinds of reference target obstacles to repeatedly test many sample products. The reference detection area of the corresponding target is as follows:

FAQ

More Documents

DFshopping_car1.png Get URM12 Ultrasonic Sensor(1500cm & RS485) from DFRobot Store or DFRobot Distributor.

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