Maqueen Lite V2.0 micro:bit Educational Programming Robot - DFRobot Electronics

1. Introduction

Maqueen Lite is a STEAM educational robot with Maqueen 4.2 core and exquisite housing made of ABS material. And there are four lively colors red, green, blue, and white for its housing, which makes it more popular with kids. Maqueen Lite works well with both micro:bit V1 and V2, and boasts rich functions like ultrasonic ranging sensor, IR receiver, IR line-tracking sensor, LED car lights, RGB ambient lights, etc. Besides, the specially-designed housing greatly protects its core circuit from damages.

Features

Application

2.Specification

Function Instruction

Dimensions

Battery Select & Installation

Battery Select

Maqueen Lite adopts three 1.5V AAA alkaline batteries, which have positive and negative poles for correct installation, and each one is marked with the polarity on its surface as the following picture:

Installation Method

There are positive and negative poles marked inside the battery case for correct installation, please make sure the polarity of the battery matches that inside the case and the power is also "OFF" when installing the battery.

3. Introduction to Teaching Contents and Documents

This book provides a cost-efficient and fun way for primary and secondary school students to learn programming. The courses guide them to explore how to control a robot car Maqueen by coding, during which they will get to know the basics of robotics. Maqueen is a mini robot car intensively designed for STEAM education, small but powerful. It is developed based on the popular micro:bit board. Children can code Maqueen to play, learn and create so as to enhance their analytical and creative thinking skills, which is precisely what the original intention of STEAM education is. The programming software Mind+ is used in this book. Mind+ is a Scratch 3.0-based graphical programming platform that supports all kinds of open-source hardware such as Arduino and micro:bit. Drag and drop graphical code blocks to make programs, or use high-level programming languages like Python, C, C++, etc. to code. Easy to experience the joy of creating. This book is composed of 20 teaching cases, including some classic games like Catching Apple, Cat and Mouse, etc, and projects related to life scenes like Obstacle Avoidance Maqueen, Research and Rescue Maqueen. Each case is designed based on teaching practices. It aims to inspire all children to participate in programming and pave the path for them to further develop and create.

Refer to CSTA curriculum standard, the course catalog and field distribution are shown below:

3.1 Documents

Click to view online tutorial https://edu.dfrobot.com/course-661.html
Click to download the tutorial 1.crazy maqueen -mindplus
2.silly maqueen -makecode And Maqueen & microbit Graphical Programming
3.Maqueen Mechanic Getting Started Guide(MakeCode)-20200929.pdf
More tutorail click here
Product Pictures ROB0148-EN-LB LG LR LW product pictures.rar

4.MakeCode Programming Example (There are 14 projects in total)

Based on micro:bit and MakeCode, this tutorial mainly introduces how to use Maqueen Lite.

Quick Start Guide

Prepare a microbit board and a MicroUSB cable.

Connect the micro:bit mainboard to a PC via USB cable, and a disk with "MICROBIT" drive letter will pop up on the PC.

Click the link to visit sample codes: https://makecode.microbit.org/_7CjMuxMF84qC

Click "Edit" on the opened page.

Then click "Download" to download the codes into "MICROBIT". The download indicator of micro:bit will blink when downloading the codes, and stop after about 10s. Then the codes are downloaded successfully.

Insert the board with downloaded codes into the Maqueen mainboard.

Power ON Maqueen Lite.

At this time, the codes have been downloaded into micro:bit; the car light and ambient light are on; the Maqueen Lite starts to move forward.

4.1 Load MakeCode Graphical Library for Maqueen

Click the link: Microsoft MakeCode for micro:bit (microbit.org), enter the MakeCode graphical online programming platform.
Click "New Project" on the platform to create a new project.

Name the project as you want, for example, name it "maqueen1" and click "Create" to confirm.

Then enter MakeCode graphical programming page as shown in the following figure:

Click the Settings icon in the upper right corner and click "Extensions" in the drop-down menu.

Search the MakeCode Extensions for "dfrobot" and select "maqueen".

Load neopixel library in the MakeCode Extensions by the same way.

The loading is successful, as shows in the following figure:

4.2 Open Car Light

In this example, we aim to make the Maqueen car light blink repeatedly to indicate a starting.

4.2.1 Programming

Code Idea: turn on the left and right car lights, then turn off them after waiting for 1s, and repeat it.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_YsgWhr2LaDcj

Code File: maqueen1.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.2.2 Result

The 2 red car LEDs of Maqueen begin to blink at 1-second intervals.

4.3 Start Engine for Preheating

In this example, we will make the ambient light at the bottom of Maqueen shows an intensive breathing effect to tell a starting.

4.3.1 Programming

Code idea: set the color variables R, G, and B of the RGB LED to 0, first gradually increase the values of the variables, then decrease them to show a breathing light effect.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_du25LDamJgYs

Code File: maqueen2.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.3.2 Result

The bottom ambient light changes gradually from dim to bright and then back to dim.

4.4 Let's Go!

In this example, we will make Maqueen car honk 3 times and start engine to drive Maqueen.

4.4.1 Programming

Code idea: play a melody for three honks, and then set all the motors to a positive turn.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_6YaDMFP9Uiq4

Code File: maqueen3.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.4.2 Result

After three honks, the Maqueen will move forward at the speed of 255.

4.5 Motor Control

In this example, we will learn how to use the motor to control Maqueen to move forward, move backward, turn left, turn right, and stop, and adjust its speed.

4.5.1 Programming

Code idea: set the same direction and speed of the left and right motors to realize the robot car moving forward or backward; set the same direction and different speed of them to realize the left and right turns.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_MqKC7MLHm9r6

Code File: maqueen4.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.5.2 Result

Maqueen repeat: move forward 2 second, turn left 2 second, turn right 2 second and move backward 2 second.

4.6 Read IR Key Assignments

Maqueen car comes with an IR sensor at the front side to receive the IR data sent by the IR remote controller. In this example, we"ll learn how to receive IR data, read IR key assignments, and display them on the micro:bit LED matrix.

4.6.1 IR Remote Controller & the Assignments

The IR remote controller used in this example and its assignments are as shown in the following figure. IR Remote Controller: https://www.dfrobot.com.cn/goods-142.html

4.6.2 Programming

Effect: when the robot car receives IR data, they are converted to IR key assignments and display on the micro:bit LED matrix.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_Uu14FC529YoM

Code File: maqueen5.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.6.3 Result

Press the key on the IR remote controller and the the micro:bit LED matrix will display the corresponding IR key assignments.

4.7 IR Remote Control

We have learned how to control the motor and read IR key assignments before. In this example, we will combine the two to learn how to command the robot car using the IR remote controller.

4.7.1 Programming

Effect: command the car using IR remote controller.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_LpE5HX8MdCT5

Code File: maqueen6.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.7.2 Result

Use the key 2, 8, 4, 6, and 5 on the IR remote controller to control Maqueen car to move forward, move backward, turn left, turn right and stop.

4.8 Read Line-tracking Sensor

The Maqueen car has two line-tracking sensors as shown in the following figure, and can identify exactly black and white areas.

4.8.1 Programming

Effect: when a Maqueen's line-tracking sensor is put on the black line, the sensor outputs 0, and display 0 on the micro:bit LED matrix; if put on white area, output 1 and display 1 on the LED matrix.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_EvtX1yD0RWpj

Code File: maqueen7.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.8.2 Result

When a Maqueen's line-tracking sensor is put on the black line, the micro:bit LED matrix displays 0; if put on white area, displays 1.

4.9 Auto Line-tracking

We have learned the function of the line-tracking sensor in last example, in this one we'll learn the more interesting auto line-tracking.

4.9.1 Line-tracking Map

The line-tracking map in the kit is used here.

4.9.2 Programming

Effect: the two line-tracking sensors work at the same time to make sure the robot car run along the black line.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_MKKcT7iYcHAb

Code File: maqueen8.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.9.3 Result

A successful line-tracking run is done, but due to the small map, the car is set to run at a slow speed.

4.10 Ultrasonic Obstacle-avoiding

When the Maqueen car senses obstacles ahead during travelling, it will start auto-driving mode and keep it away from the obstacle by detecting the distance between it and the obstacle through the ultrasonic sensor on the front side.

4.10.1 Hardware Preparation

Take out the ultrasonic sensor in the kit as shown in the following figure: Plug the ultrasonic sensor into the corresponding port in the front side of the Maqueen car as the following picture:

4.10.2 Programming

Effect: the ultrasonic sensor detects the distance between the Maqueen and obstacle ahead, if it is smaller than 30cm, Maqueen randomly turns left or right to avoid the obstacle.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_TpXRzhYiM0bz

Code File: maqueen9.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.10.3 Result

Power on Maqueen and it starts to move forward. When an obstacle is detected about 30cm ahead, Maqueen randomly turns left or right to avoid the obstacle and then continues to move forward.

4.11 Light-operated Sprite

The micro:bit board comes with a light sensor. As the flashlight illuminates the LEDs on Maqueen, it starts to move forward; if the light disappears, it stops.

4.11.1 Programming

Code Idea: when light is detected, all the motor are turned on, otherwise, they are turned off.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_bxXUwrdzudDa

Code File: maqueen10.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.11.2 Result

Download the codes, power on Maqueen, and put it on the floor, it won't move. Turn on the flashlight, direct it at the front of the microbit, and Maqueen car begins to move forward; turn off the flashlight, and it stops.

4.12 Sound-controlled Maqueen (only supports micro:bit V2.0 or later)

There is an additional sound sensor on micro:bit V2.0 motherboard or later for sensing the ambient sound. This feature help command Maqueen car by sound.

4.12.1 Programming

Effect: clap hands to command RGB LED on the bottom of Maqueen car, clap hands once to change a color and the micro:bit LED matrix displays a different pattern.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_50h4LHPqj4FA

Code File: maqueen11.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.12.2 Result

clap hands in proper order to make the bottom RGB LED show red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple and white colors, and the LED matrix display different patterns successively.

4.13 GamePad for micro:bit - Remote-Controlled Maqueen

In this example, we set the analog rocker as switch quantity to control the robot car to move forward, move backward, turn left, turn right, and use the left and right keys (F and D keys) to control the the left and right car lights to be on/off.

4.13.1 Hardware Preparation

GamePad for micro:bit: https://www.dfrobot.com/product-1711.html

Programming

Effect: control the moving direction of the robot car using analog rocker, press F key to light up the left light and D to light up the right.

Code URL for Gamepad: https://makecode.microbit.org/_i1fAXXFhR754

Code File: maqueen12-1.hex

Code Screenshot:

Code URL for Maqueen Lite:: https://makecode.microbit.org/_8Y06120DTM6s

Code File: maqueen12-2.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.13.3 Result

Gamepad Status Robot Car Movement Mode
Move the rocker upward Move forward
Move the rocker down Move backward
Move the rocker left Turn left
Move the rocker right Turn right
Rocker in middle position Stop
Key F (Blue) Left light on
Key D (Yellow) Right light on

In last example, we can only control the robot car to move forward, move backward, turn left and turn right, but can't control its speed. The next routine will show how to use rocker analog quantity to control both the moving direction and speed of the car. The more you move the rocker, the faster the speed. The left and right keys (F and D) can be used to control the lights to be on/off.

4.13.4 Programming

Effect: control the moving direction and speed of the robot car usign analog stick, press F key to light up the left light and D to light up the right.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_KLDU7p4ar7FL

Code File: maqueen13-1.hex

Code Screenshot:

Code URL for Maqueen Lite: https://makecode.microbit.org/_CyJWYvh1y94k

Code File: maqueen13-2.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.13.5 Result

The more you move the rocker, the faster the speed of the car.

Gamepad Status Robot Car Movement Mode
Move the rocker upward Move forward
Move the rocker down Move backward
Move the rocker left Turn left
Move the rocker right Turn right
Rocker in middle position Stop
Key F (Blue) Left light on
Key D (Yellow) Right light on

4.14 Maqueen Mechanic-Loader

In this example, we will learn driving servo with Maqueen mechanic-loader kit and IR remote controller.

4.14.1 Hardware Preparation

micro:Maqueen Mechanic-Loader: https://www.dfrobot.com/product-2006.html

Installation Method:

Then plug the servo wires to the port S1 of Maqueen as shown in the figure. Don't mitake the direction, brown wire to black pin, red wire to red pin, orange wire to the green pin:

The hardware preparation is complete as shown in the following figure.

4.14.2 Control Servo

In this example, we will learn how to controll servo.

4.14.2.1 Programming

Effect: make the shovel to rotate up and down.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_1wHJrqgRYHko

Code File: maqueen14-1.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.14.2.2 Result

Turn Maqueen on, then the shovel will turn up and down at 90°.
There are two ways to adjust the starting and ending angles of rotation: 1. Adjust the angle value in the code as your need. 2. Remove the two screws on the servo and turn the servo by hand, then reinstall the screws.

4.14.3 IR Remote Control of the Shovel

This example will teach you how to use the IR remote controller to make the shovel rotate up and down.

4.14.3.1 Programming

Effect: use the IR remote controller to control the shovel rotation angle.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_CFMhwL03TK5q

Code File: maqueen14-2.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.14.3.2 Result

Use the IR remote controller to make the shovel rotate up and down by directing it at the IR receiver in the front side of Maqueen and pressing the upper and lower triangle keys.

4.14.4 IR Remote Control of the Maqueen Mechanic-Loader

In the two examples above, we have controlled the movement of the shovel separately. This one will combine the shovel with Maqueen car.

4.14.4.1 Programming

Effect: use the IR remote controller to control the Maqueen car to move and the shovel to rotate up and down.

Code URL: https://makecode.microbit.org/_bkvP19V7a6v8

Code File: maqueen14-3.hex

Code Screenshot:

4.14.4.2 Result

In this example, keys 2, 8, 4, 6, 5 are used to control Maqueen to move forward, move backward, turn left, turn right and stop; press the upper triangle key to control the shovel to turn up, and press the lower for turning down.

5. Product Configuration List

Image List
Maqueen Lite Vehicle Body x1(Note: Motors, vehicle wheels, support wheel, skin, and battery holder have been installed before delivery)
H-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor x1
Line-tracking Map x1
Quick start Guide x 1

FAQ

Q&A Some general Arduino Problems/FAQ/Tips
Q After installing a battery in the car, the motor still can’t be controlled to rotate by burning program while the power light is on?
A Perhaps the battery is dead, and it is recommended to replace it with a fully charged one. When the battery voltage is lower than 2V, the LED on the board and other functions can work normally, but the motor can’t rotate due to insufficient power.
A For any questions, advice or cool ideas to share, please visit the DFRobot Forum.

More Documents

DFshopping_car1.png Get micro: Maqueen for micro:bit from DFRobot Store or DFRobot Distributor.

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